Главная       Продать работу       Блог       Контакты       Оплата       О нас       Как мы работаем       Регистрация       Вход в кабинет
Тех. дипломные работы
   автомобили
   спец. техника
   станки
   тех. маш.
   строительство
   электроснабжение
   пищевая промышленность
   водоснабжение
   газоснабжение
   автоматизация
   теплоснабжение
   холодильники
   машиностроение
   др. тех. специальности

Тех. курсовые работы
   автомобили
   спец. техника
   станки
   тех. маш.
   строительство
   детали машин
   электроснабжение
   газоснабжение
   водоснабжение
   пищевая промышленность
   автоматизация
   теплоснабжение
   ТММ
   ВСТИ
   гидравлика и пневматика
   машиностроение
   др. тех. специальности

Тех. дополнения
   Отчеты
   Расчетно-графические работы
   Лекции
   Задачи
   Лабораторные работы
   Литература
   Контрольные работы
   Чертежи и 3D моделирование
   Тех. soft
   Рефераты
   Общий раздел
   Технологический раздел
   Конструкторский раздел
   Эксплуатационный раздел
   БЖД раздел
   Экономический раздел
   Экологический раздел
   Автоматизация раздел
   Расчетные работы

Гум. дипломные работы
   педагогика и психология
   астрономия и космонавтика
   банковское, биржевое дело
   БЖД и экология
   биология и естествознание
   бухгалтерский счет и аудит
   военное дело
   география
   геология
   государство и право
   журналистика и СМИ
   иностранные языки
   история
   коммуникации
   краеведение
   кулинария
   культура и искусство
   литература
   экономика и торговля
   математика
   медицина
   международное отношение
   менеджмент
   политология
   музыка
   религия
   социология
   спорт и туризм
   таможенная система
   физика
   химия
   философия
   финансы
   этика и эстетика
   правознавство

Гум. курсовые работы
   педагогика и психология
   астрономия и космонавтика
   банковское, биржевое дело
   БЖД и экология
   биология и естествознание
   бухгалтерский счет и аудит
   военное дело
   география
   геология
   государство и право
   журналистика и СМИ
   иностранные языки
   история
   коммуникации
   краеведение
   кулинария
   культура и искусство
   литература
   экономика и торговля
   математика
   медицина
   международное отношение
   менеджмент
   политология
   музыка
   религия
   социология
   спорт и туризм
   таможенная система
   физика
   химия
   философия
   финансы
   этика и эстетика
   правознавство

Гум. дополнения
   Отчеты
   Расчетные работы
   Лекции
   Задачи
   Лабораторные работы
   Литература
   Контрольные работы
   Сочинения
   Гум. soft
   Рефераты

Рефераты
   Авиация и космонавтика
   Административное право
   Арбитражный процесс
   Архитектура
   Астрология
   Астрономия
   Банковское дело
   Безопасность жизнедеятельнос
   Биографии
   Биология
   Биология и химия
   Биржевое дело
   Ботаника и сельское хоз-во
   Бухгалтерский учет и аудит
   Валютные отношения
   Ветеринария
   Военная кафедра
   ГДЗ
   География
   Геодезия
   Геология
   Геополитика
   Государство и право
   Гражданское право и процесс
   Делопроизводство
   Деньги и кредит
   ЕГЭ
   Естествознание
   Журналистика
   ЗНО
   Зоология
   Издательское дело и полиграф
   Инвестиции
   Иностранный язык
   Информатика
   Информатика, программировани
   Исторические личности
   История
   История техники
   Кибернетика
   Коммуникации и связь
   Компьютерные науки
   Косметология
   Краеведение и этнография
   Краткое содержание произведе
   Криминалистика
   Криминология
   Криптология
   Кулинария
   Культура и искусство
   Культурология
   Литература : зарубежная
   Литература и русский язык
   Логика
   Логистика
   Маркетинг
   Математика
   Медицина, здоровье
   Медицинские науки
   Международное публичное прав
   Международное частное право
   Международные отношения
   Менеджмент
   Металлургия
   Москвоведение
   Музыка
   Муниципальное право
   Налоги, налогообложение
   Наука и техника
   Начертательная геометрия
   Оккультизм и уфология
   Остальные рефераты
   Педагогика
   Политология
   Право
   Право, юриспруденция
   Предпринимательство
   Прикладные науки
   Промышленность, производство
   Психология
   психология, педагогика
   Радиоэлектроника
   Реклама
   Религия и мифология
   Риторика
   Сексология
   Социология
   Статистика
   Страхование
   Строительные науки
   Строительство
   Схемотехника
   Таможенная система
   Теория государства и права
   Теория организации
   Теплотехника
   Технология
   Товароведение
   Транспорт
   Трудовое право
   Туризм
   Уголовное право и процесс
   Управление
   Управленческие науки
   Физика
   Физкультура и спорт
   Философия
   Финансовые науки
   Финансы
   Фотография
   Химия
   Хозяйственное право
   Цифровые устройства
   Экологическое право
   Экология
   Экономика
   Экономико-математическое мод
   Экономическая география
   Экономическая теория
   Этика
   Юриспруденция
   Языковедение
   Языкознание, филология

Главная > Рефераты > Иностранный язык
Название:
The Role Of Women In Ancient Egypt

Тип: Рефераты
Категория: Рефераты
Подкатегория: Иностранный язык

Цена:
0 руб



Подробное описание:

Essay, Research Paper

The Role of Women in Ancient Egypt

From the time of the Old Kingdom to the time of the New Kingdom, Ancient Egypt was a society dominated by men. Much of the history of Egypt is expressed through the perspective of Egyptian males. This leaves the perspective of the other half of the Egyptian population, females, unexplored. When women of Ancient Egypt are discussed it is often just the women of power or royalty who receive attention. This leaves many people unaware of the role of the average women in this society. Achieving A reversal of this unawareness is done by explaining the role of the average Egyptian woman in the family, the legal rights of women, and the role of women in the temples.

In Ancient Egypt the main purpose for women was to marry and to reproduce. “To marry and beget children may have been the duty of every right-thinking Egyptian, but it was a duty which was very much welcome.” (Tyldesley 1994). There was no legal age of consent. Men would consider women eligible for marriage upon menstruation. This meant that women would marry as young as ten or eleven. Marriage was a private matter with no intervention from the state. No formal ritual was performed to marry a man and a woman. A woman was considered married upon moving into the husband’s household. The husband had the responsibility to care and protect his wife as her father did. The husband was not to be the legal guardian of his wife. This left the woman independently in control of her own assets. Women could jointly own property with their husbands and were publicly acknowledged as being part owner of the property. Upon the husband’s death or divorce the woman was to inherit some or all of his assets.

Ancient Egyptian women in marriage were expected to be fertile. This determined the basic success of a marriage. The masculinity of a man depended on the amount of children he could father. A woman who could bear many children was looked upon favorably by her husband and her peers (Tyldesly 1994). The wife was to blame if she was infertile. This often was legitimate grounds for a divorce. Although, Egyptians looked down on marriages that ended in divorce. Egyptians considered adoption an alternative for couples who could not conceive a child.

The households of Ancient Egypt were run by the wife. The husband was considered the head of the family, but the wife took care of many of the responsibilities at home. Most households were owned by men with few exceptions of women who owned the household. The woman’s household duties included mostly, baking, brewing, weaving, grain storage, and it was her duty to overlook any servants she might have. Since most of a woman’s child-bearing years were spent pregnant a wetnurse was frequently hired to alleviate some of the child-rearing responsibilities. As children grew older the boys were sent to school and the girls remained home with their mother until they were old enough to marry.

In Ancient Egypt women were not strictly limited to their duties in the household. There was a distinct line between types of jobs that women and men could hold. Men held most of the bureaucratic offices. Women were not allowed to hold these offices because women received no formal training in literacy. Since most women were mostly illiterate they were limited to performing jobs such as textile production, wetnursing, milling, spinning, and grain harvesting.

Women of Ancient Egypt were legally responsible for their own actions. This meant that women could venture on their own business deals. Women could buy, sell or trade their property without the consent of a male or a legal guardian. With this responsibility, women were viewed as equals in the court of law. Women were held responsible for any crimes they may have committed. Women could be prosecuted and punished for any illegal action, go to court as a plaintiff, or could be called upon as a witness.

Women played a minor role in the religious rituals of Ancient Egypt. The females that were involved with temple ritual were often just women of the higher classes. These women could be appointed priestess. The majority of priests were men. The female priestess was still always under the authority of a man. The duty performed by most women in temple ritual was shenget, ‘musician’ (Robins 1993). Often there was a group of women called a ‘musical toupes’ who performed during sacred events (Robins 1993). These groups consisted of women clapping, playing the flute, tambourine, and shaking a rattle. The women playing music were often accompanied by dancers.

The women of Ancient Egypt were often kept to the background of public workings in society. Although having many of the legal rights of men, these rights may have been tough to enforce in a society dominated by men. “Woman’s legal rights did not extend effectively throughout society. They may have required at all levels to be backed up by wealth or strong family support.” (Robins 1993). The role of women in Ancient Egypt was often subject to bias in the home, legally, and in temple ritual.

Bibliography

Tyldesly, Joyce. Marriage and Motherhood in Ancient Egypt, History Today, April 1994, Vol. 44 Issue 4, page 20.

Robins, Gay. Woman in Ancient Egypt, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1993.

R.M. Janssen & J.J. Janssen. Growing up in Ancient Egypt, The Rubicon Press, 1990




Комментарий:

Essay, Research Paper The Role of Women in Ancient Egypt From the time of the Old Kingdom to the time of the New Kingdom, Ancient Egypt was a society dominated by men. Much of the history of Egypt is expressed through the perspective of Egyptian males. This leaves the perspective of the other half of the Egyptian population, females, unexplored.


Рекомендовать другу
50/50         Партнёрка
Отзывы